350 Bird Species in El Valle Panama

Bird Species of the El Valle Panama Area

To follow is a complete list of the avian species found in the greater El Valle de Anton area, taxonomy updated according to the American Ornithologists’ Union 51st Checklist Supplement. Primary sources include the checklist of the Canopy Lodge, our premier local birders’ hotel, and A Birdfinding Guide to Panama (Angehr et al, 2008), but also included are personal observations and several sightings directly shared with us by resident or visiting birders. A number of the species here are considered rare or vagrant in the region, and are not to be expected on the average visit; we suggest consulting print or internet resources to get a better sense of what is truly likely to be found in the region. This list includes species found on the Caribbean slope in the Rio Indio basin, as these areas can only be accessed via El Valle; we do not include species found in nearby Altos del Maria, the Cocle grasslands, or El Cope. Day trips to these areas while based in El Valle would expand one’s potential species list considerably. This list was produced by El Valle resident Ken Allaire, of Panama Gateway, a birding tour company serving the whole of Panama. There are many qualified guides serving the El Valle area, and one’s chances of seeing a good percentage of the species listed here greatly increases when a local expert is hired. Corrections and/or additions to this list are quite welcome; please contact info@panamagateway.com with such information. Enjoy your stay in the El Valle area, and happy birding!

TINAMOUS                             Tinamiformes Tinamidae
  Great Tinamou                        Tinamus major
  Little Tinamou                       Crypturellus soui

GUANS, CHACHALACAS & CURASSOWS       Galliformes Cracidae

  Gray-headed Chachalaca               Ortalis cinereiceps
  Crested Guan                         Penelope purpurascens
  Black Guan                           Chamaepetes unicolor

NEW WORLD QUAIL                      Galliformes Odontophoridae
  Crested Bobwhite                     Colinus cristatus
  Black-eared Wood-Quail               Odontophorus melanotis

CORMORANTS                           Suliformes Phalacrocoracidae
  Neotropic Cormorant                  Phalacrocorax brasilianus

HERONS, EGRETS & BITTERNS            Pelecaniformes Ardeidae
  Fasciated Tiger-Heron                Tigrisoma fasciatum
  Great Blue Heron                     Ardea herodias
  Great Egret                          Ardea alba
  Cattle Egret                         Bubulcus ibis
  Green Heron                          Butorides virescens

NEW WORLD VULTURES                   Accipitriformes Cathartidae
  Black Vulture                        Coragyps atratus
  Turkey Vulture                       Cathartes aura

OSPREY                               Accipitriformes Pandionidae
  Osprey                               Pandion haliaetus

HAWKS, EAGLES & KITES                Accipitriformes Accipitridae
  Gray-headed Kite                     Leptodon cayanensis
  Hook-billed Kite                     Chondrohierax uncinatus
  Swallow-tailed Kite                  Elanoides forficatus
  White-tailed Kite                    Elanus leucurus
  Snail Kite                           Rostrhamus sociabilis
  Plumbeous Kite                       Ictinia plumbea
  Tiny Hawk                            Accipiter superciliosus
  Sharp-shinned Hawk                   Accipiter striatus
  Bicolored Hawk                       Accipiter bicolor
  Barred Hawk                          Leucopternis princeps
  White Hawk                           Leucopternis albicollis
  Great Black-Hawk                     Buteogallus urubitinga
  Roadside Hawk                        Buteo magnirostris
  Broad-winged Hawk                    Buteo platypterus
  Gray Hawk                            Buteo nitida
  Short-tailed Hawk                    Buteo brachyurus
  Swainson's Hawk                      Buteo swainsoni
  White-tailed Hawk                    Buteo albicaudatus
  Zone-tailed Hawk                     Buteo albonotatus
  Black Hawk-Eagle                     Spizaetus tyrannus
  Ornate Hawk-Eagle                    Spizaetus ornatus

FALCONS & CARACARAS                  Falconiformes Falconidae
  Barred Forest-Falcon                 Micrastur ruficollis
  Crested Caracara                     Caracara cheriway
  Yellow-headed Caracara               Milvago chimachima
  Merlin                               Falco columbarius

SUNBITTERN                           Eurypygiformes Eurypygidae
  Sunbittern                           Eurypyga helias

RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS            Gruiformes Rallidae
  White-throated Crake                 Laterallus albigularis
  Gray-necked Wood-Rail                Aramides cajanea
  Uniform Crake                        Amaurolimnas concolor

PLOVERS & LAPWINGS                   Charadriiformes Charadriidae
  Southern Lapwing                     Vanellus chilensis

SANDPIPERS                           Charadriiformes Scolopacidae
  Spotted Sandpiper                    Actitis macularius

PIGEONS & DOVES                      Columbiformes Columbidae
  Rock Pigeon                          Columba livia
  Pale-vented Pigeon                   Patagioenas cayennensis
  Scaled Pigeon                        Patagioenas speciosa
  Ruddy Ground-Dove                    Columbina talpacoti
  Blue Ground-Dove                     Claravis pretiosa
  White-tipped Dove                    Leptotila verreauxi
  Gray-chested Dove                    Leptotila cassini
  Purplish-backed Quail-Dove           Geotrygon lawrencii

PARROTS                              Psittaciformes Psittacidae
  Brown-throated Parakeet              Aratinga pertinax
  Orange-chinned Parakeet              Brotogeris jugularis
  Blue-fronted Parrotlet               Touit dilectissima
  Brown-hooded Parrot                  Pyrilia haematotis
  Blue-headed Parrot                   Pionus menstruus
  Red-lored Parrot                     Amazona autumnalis

CUCKOOS                              Cuculiformes Cuculidae
  Squirrel Cuckoo                      Piaya cayana
  Yellow-billed Cuckoo                 Coccyzus americanus
  Black-billed Cuckoo                  Coccyzus erythropthalmus
  Striped Cuckoo                       Tapera naevia
  Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo          Neomorphus geoffroyi
  Smooth-billed Ani                    Crotophaga ani
  Groove-billed Ani                    Crotophaga sulcirostris

BARN-OWLS                            Strigiformes Tytonidae
  Barn Owl                             Tyto alba

OWLS                                 Strigiformes Strigidae
  Tropical Screech-Owl                 Megascops choliba
  Crested Owl                          Lophostrix cristata
  Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl                Glaucidium brasilianum
  Mottled Owl                          Ciccaba virgata
  Black-and-white Owl                  Ciccaba nigrolineata

NIGHTJARS                            Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae
  Common Nighthawk                     Chordeiles minor
  Common Pauraque                      Nyctidromus albicollis
  Rufous Nightjar                      Caprimulgus rufus

POTOOS                               Caprimulgiformes Nyctibiidae
  Common Potoo                         Nyctibius griseus

SWIFTS                               Apodiformes Apodidae
  Chestnut-collared Swift              Streptoprocne rutila
  White-collared Swift                 Streptoprocne zonaris
  Band-rumped Swift                    Chaetura spinicaudus

HUMMINGBIRDS                         Trochiliformes Trochilidae
  Rufous-breasted Hermit               Glaucis hirsutus
  Band-tailed Barbthroat               Threnetes ruckeri
  Green Hermit                         Phaethornis guy
  Long-billed Hermit                   Phaethornis longirostris
  Stripe-throated Hermit               Phaethornis striigularis
  White-tipped Sicklebill              Eutoxeres aquila
  White-necked Jacobin                 Florisuga mellivora
  Black-throated Mango                 Anthracothorax nigricollis
  Violet-headed Hummingbird            Klais guimeti
  Rufous-crested Coquette              Lophornis delattrei
  Green Thorntail                      Discosura conversii
  Garden Emerald                       Chlorostilbon assimilis
  Violet-crowned Woodnymph             Thalurania colombica
  Sapphire-throated Hummingbird        Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
  Blue-throated Goldentail             Hylocharis eliciae
  Blue-chested Hummingbird             Amazilia amabilis
  Snowy-bellied Hummingbird            Amazilia edward
  Rufous-tailed Hummingbird            Amazilia tzacatl
  White-tailed Emerald                 Elvira chionura
  Snowcap                              Microchera albocoronata
  White-vented Plumeleteer             Chalybura buffonii
  Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer            Chalybura urochrysia
  Purple-throated Mountain-gem         Lampornis calolaemus
  Green-crowned Brilliant              Heliodoxa jacula
  Purple-crowned Fairy                 Heliothryx barroti
  Long-billed Starthroat               Heliomaster longirostris
  Plain-capped Starthroat              Heliomaster constantii

TROGONS & QUETZALS                   Trogoniformes Trogonidae
  Slaty-tailed Trogon                  Trogon massena
  Gartered Trogon                      Trogon caligatus
  Black-throated Trogon                Trogon rufus
  Orange-bellied Trogon                Trogon aurantiiventris

MOTMOTS                              Coraciiformes Momotidae
  Tody Motmot                          Hylomanes momotula
  Whooping (Blue-crowned) Motmot       Momotus subrufescens
  Rufous Motmot                        Baryphthengus martii
  Broad-billed Motmot                  Electron platyrhynchum

KINGFISHERS                          Coraciiformes Alcedinidae
  Ringed Kingfisher                    Ceryle torquatus
  Amazon Kingfisher                    Chloroceryle amazona
  Green Kingfisher                     Chloroceryle americana

PUFFBIRDS                            Piciformes Bucconidae
  Barred Puffbird                      Nystalus radiatus
  White-whiskered Puffbird             Malacoptila panamensis
  Gray-cheeked Nunlet                  Nonnula frontalis

BARBETS                              Piciformes Capitonidae
  Spot-crowned Barbet                  Capito maculicoronatus

TOUCANS                              Piciformes Ramphastidae
  Blue-throated (Emerald) Toucanet     Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis
  Collared Aracari                     Pteroglossus torquatus
  Yellow-eared Toucanet                Selenidera spectabilis
  Keel-billed Toucan                   Ramphastos sulfuratus

WOODPECKERS                          Piciformes Picidae
  Red-crowned Woodpecker               Melanerpes rubricapillus
  Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker            Piculus callopterus
  Lineated Woodpecker                  Dryocopus lineatus
  Crimson-crested Woodpecker           Campephilus melanoleucos

OVENBIRDS & WOODCREEPERS             Passeriformes Furnariidae
  Red-faced Spinetail                  Cranioleuca erythrops
  Spotted Barbtail                     Premnoplex brunnescens
  Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner        Automolus ochrolaemus
  Plain Xenops                         Xenops minutus
  Plain-brown Woodcreeper              Dendrocincla fuliginosa
  Olivaceous Woodcreeper               Sittasomus griseicapillus
  Wedge-billed Woodcreeper             Glyphorynchus spirurus
  Northern Barred-Woodcreeper          Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
  Cocoa Woodcreeper                    Xiphorhynchus susurrans
  Spotted Woodcreeper                  Xiphorhynchus erythropygius
  Brown-billed Scythebill              Campylorhamphus pusillus

TYPICAL ANTBIRDS                     Passeriformes Thamnophilidae
  Fasciated Antshrike                  Cymbilaimus lineatus
  Great Antshrike                      Taraba major
  Barred Antshrike                     Thamnophilus doliatus
  Western Slaty-Antshrike              Thamnophilus atrinucha
  Russet Antshrike                     Thamnistes anabatinus
  Plain Antvireo                       Dysithamnus mentalis
  Spot-crowned Antvireo                Dysithamnus puncticeps
  White-flanked Antwren                Myrmotherula axillaris
  Slaty Antwren                        Myrmotherula schisticolor
  Checker-throated Antwren             Epinecrophylla fulviventris
  Dot-winged Antwren                   Microrhopias quixensis
  Dusky Antbird                        Cercomacra tyrannina
  White-bellied Antbird                Myrmeciza longipes
  Chestnut-backed Antbird              Myrmeciza exsul
  Dull-mantled Antbird                 Myrmeciza laemosticta
  Spotted Antbird                      Hylophylax naevioides
  Bicolored Antbird                    Gymnopithys leucaspis

ANTTHRUSHES & ANTPITTAS              Passeriformes Formicariidae
  Black-faced Antthrush                Formicarius analis
  Black-headed Antthrush               Formicarius nigricapillus

GNATEATERS                           Passeriformes Conopophagidae
  Black-crowned Antpitta               Pittasoma michleri

ANTPITTAS                            Passeriformes Grallariidae
  Scaled Antpitta                      Grallaria guatimalensis

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS                   Passeriformes Tyrannidae
  Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet        Camptostoma obsoletum
  Yellow Tyrannulet                    Capsiempis flaveola
  Yellow-bellied Elaenia               Elaenia flavogaster
  Lesser Elaenia                       Elaenia chiriquensis
  Olive-striped Flycatcher             Mionectes olivaceus
  Ochre-bellied Flycatcher             Mionectes oleagineus
  Sepia-capped Flycatcher              Leptopogon amaurocephalus
  Slaty-capped Flycatcher              Leptopogon superciliaris
  Rufous-browed Tyrannulet             Phylloscartes superciliaris
  Paltry Tyrannulet                    Zimmerius vilissimus
  Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant            Myiornis atricapillus
  Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant           Lophotriccus pileatus
  Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant               Lophotriccus pilaris
  Southern Bentbill                    Oncostoma olivaceum
  Common Tody-Flycatcher               Todirostrum cinereum
  Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher         Todirostrum nigriceps
  Brownish Twistwing                   Cnipodectes subbrunneus
  Eye-ringed Flatbill                  Rhynchocyclus brevirostris
  Olivaceous Flatbill                  Rhynchocyclus olivaceus
  Yellow-olive Flycatcher              Tolmomyias sulphurescens
  Yellow-margined Flycatcher           Tolmomyias assimilis
  White-throated Spadebill             Platyrinchus mystaceus
  Golden-crowned Spadebill             Platyrinchus coronatus
  Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher              Terenotriccus erythrurus
  Black-tailed Flycatcher              Myiobius atricaudus
  Bran-colored Flycatcher              Myiophobus fasciatus
  Tufted Flycatcher                    Mitrephanes phaeocercus
  Olive-sided Flycatcher               Contopus cooperi
  Western Wood-Pewee                   Contopus sordidulus
  Eastern Wood-Pewee                   Contopus virens
  Tropical Pewee                       Contopus cinereus
  Long-tailed Tyrant                   Colonia colonus
  Bright-rumped Attila                 Attila spadiceus
  Rufous Mourner                       Rhytipterna holerythra
  Dusky-capped Flycatcher              Myiarchus tuberculifer
  Panama Flycatcher                    Myiarchus panamensis
  Great Crested Flycatcher             Myiarchus crinitus
  Lesser Kiskadee                      Pitangus lictor
  Great Kiskadee                       Pitangus sulphuratus
  Boat-billed Flycatcher               Megarynchus pitangua
  Rusty-margined Flycatcher            Myiozetetes cayanensis
  Social Flycatcher                    Myiozetetes similis
  Gray-capped Flycatcher               Myiozetetes granadensis
  Streaked Flycatcher                  Myiodynastes maculatus
  Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher           Myiodynastes luteiventris
  Piratic Flycatcher                   Legatus leucophaius
  Tropical Kingbird                    Tyrannus melancholicus
  Eastern Kingbird                     Tyrannus tyrannus
  Scissor-tailed Flycatcher            Tyrannus forficatus
  Fork-tailed Flycatcher               Tyrannus savana
  Thrush-like Schiffornis              Schiffornis turdina
  Cinnamon Becard                      Pachyramphus cinnamomeus
  White-winged Becard                  Pachyramphus polychopterus
  Black-and-white Becard               Pachyramphus albogriseus
  Rose-throated Becard                 Pachyramphus aglaiae
  Masked Tityra                        Tityra semifasciata

COTINGAS                             Passeriformes Cotingidae
  Rufous Piha                          Lipaugus unirufus

MANAKINS                             Passeriformes Pipridae

  Golden-collared Manakin              Manacus vitellinus
  White-ruffed Manakin                 Corapipo altera
  Lance-tailed Manakin                 Chiroxiphia lanceolata
  Blue-crowned Manakin                 Pipra coronata
  Red-capped Manakin                   Pipra mentalis

VIREOS & ALLIES                      Passeriformes Vireonidae
  Yellow-throated Vireo                Vireo flavifrons
  Philadelphia Vireo                   Vireo philadelphicus
  Red-eyed Vireo                       Vireo olivaceus
  Yellow-green Vireo                   Vireo flavoviridis
  Scrub Greenlet                       Hylophilus flavipes
  Lesser Greenlet                      Hylophilus decurtatus
  Green Shrike-Vireo                   Vireolanius pulchellus
  Rufous-browed Peppershrike           Cyclarhis gujanensis

CROWS & JAYS                         Passeriformes Corvidae
  Black-chested Jay                    Cyanocorax affinis

SWALLOWS                             Passeriformes Hirundinidae
  Purple Martin                        Progne subis
  Gray-breasted Martin                 Progne chalybea
  Blue-and-white Swallow               Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
  White-thighed Swallow                Neochelidon tibialis
  Southern Rough-winged Swallow        Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

WRENS                                Passeriformes Troglodytidae
  Bay Wren                             Thryothorus nigricapillus
  Rufous-breasted Wren                 Thryothorus rutilus
  Rufous-and-white Wren                Thryothorus rufalbus
  Plain Wren                           Thryothorus modestus
  House Wren                           Troglodytes aedon
  Ochraceous Wren                      Troglodytes ochraceus
  White-breasted Wood-Wren             Henicorhina leucosticta
  Gray-breasted Wood-Wren              Henicorhina leucophrys
  Scaly-breasted Wren                  Microcerculus marginatus

GNATCATCHERS                         Passeriformes Polioptilidae
  Tawny-faced Gnatwren                 Microbates cinereiventris
  Long-billed Gnatwren                 Ramphocaenus melanurus
  Tropical Gnatcatcher                 Polioptila plumbea

THRUSHES                             Passeriformes Turdidae
  Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush     Catharus aurantiirostris
  Gray-cheeked Thrush                  Catharus minimus
  Swainson's Thrush                    Catharus ustulatus
  Wood Thrush                          Hylocichla mustelina
  Pale-vented Thrush                   Turdus obsoletus
  Clay-colored Thrush                  Turdus grayi
  White-throated Thrush                Turdus assimilis

WOOD WARBLERS                        Passeriformes Parulidae
  Golden-winged Warbler                Vermivora chrysoptera
  Tennessee Warbler                    Oreothlypis peregrina
  Yellow Warbler                       Dendroica petechia
  Chestnut-sided Warbler               Dendroica pensylvanica
  Magnolia Warbler                     Dendroica magnolia
  Blackburnian Warbler                 Dendroica fusca
  Palm Warbler                         Dendroica palmarum
  Bay-breasted Warbler                 Dendroica castanea
  Cerulean Warbler                     Dendroica cerulea
  Black-and-white Warbler              Mniotilta varia
  American Redstart                    Setophaga ruticilla
  Prothonotary Warbler                 Protonotaria citrea
  Worm-eating Warbler                  Helmitheros vermivorum
  Ovenbird                             Seiurus aurocapilla
  Northern Waterthrush                 Parkesia noveboracensis
  Louisiana Waterthrush                Parkesia motacilla
  Kentucky Warbler                     Oporornis formosus
  Mourning Warbler                     Oporornis philadelphia
  Wilson's Warbler                     Wilsonia pusilla
  Canada Warbler                       Wilsonia canadensis
  Rufous-capped Warbler                Basileuterus rufifrons
  Buff-rumped Warbler                  Phaeothlypis fulvicauda

GENERA INCERTAE SEDIS                Passeriformes Parulidae
  Bananaquit                           Coereba flaveola

TANAGERS & ALLIES                    Passeriformes Thraupidae
  Common Bush-Tanager                  Chlorospingus ophthalmicus
  Black-and-yellow Tanager             Chrysothlypis chrysomelaena
  Rosy Thrush-Tanager                  Rhodinocichla rosea
  Dusky-faced Tanager                  Mitrospingus cassinii
  Sulphur-rumped Tanager               Heterospingus rubrifrons
  White-shouldered Tanager             Tachyphonus luctuosus
  Tawny-crested Tanager                Tachyphonus delatrii
  White-lined Tanager                  Tachyphonus rufus
  Crimson-backed Tanager               Ramphocelus dimidiatus
  Flame-rumped Tanager                 Ramphocelus flammigerus
  Blue-gray Tanager                    Thraupis episcopus
  Palm Tanager                         Thraupis palmarum
  Lesser Antillean Tanager             Tangara cucullata
  Golden-hooded Tanager                Tangara larvata
  Plain-colored Tanager                Tangara inornata
  Bay-headed Tanager                   Tangara gyrola
  Emerald Tanager                      Tangara florida
  Silver-throated Tanager              Tangara icterocephala
  Scarlet-thighed Dacnis               Dacnis venusta
  Blue Dacnis                          Dacnis cayana
  Green Honeycreeper                   Chlorophanes spiza
  Red-legged Honeycreeper              Cyanerpes cyaneus

GENUS INCERTAE SEDIS                 Passeriformes Saltator

  Streaked Saltator                    Saltator striatipectus
  Buff-throated Saltator               Saltator maximus
  Black-headed Saltator                Saltator atriceps
  Slate-colored Grosbeak               Saltator grossus

BUNTINGS, SEEDEATERS & ALLIES        Passeriformes Emberizidae
  Blue-black Grassquit                 Volatinia jacarina
  Slate-colored Seedeater              Sporophila schistacea
  Variable Seedeater                   Sporophila corvina
  Yellow-bellied Seedeater             Sporophila nigricollis
  Ruddy-breasted Seedeater             Sporophila minuta
  Thick-billed Seed-Finch              Oryzoborus funereus
  Yellow-faced Grassquit               Tiaris olivaceus
  Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch             Emberizoides herbicola
  Orange-billed Sparrow                Arremon aurantiirostris
  Sooty-faced Finch                    Arremon crassirostris
  Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch          Arremon brunneinucha
  Black-striped Sparrow                Arremonops conirostris

CARDINALS & ALLIES                   Passeriformes Cardinalidae
  Hepatic Tanager                      Piranga flava
  Summer Tanager                       Piranga rubra
  Scarlet Tanager                      Piranga olivacea
  Red-crowned Ant-Tanager              Habia rubica
  Red-throated Ant-Tanager             Habia fuscicauda
  Carmiol's Tanager                    Chlorothraupis carmioli
  Black-faced Grosbeak                 Caryothraustes poliogaster
  Rose-breasted Grosbeak               Pheucticus ludovicianus
  Blue Seedeater                       Amaurospiza concolor
  Blue-black Grosbeak                  Cyanocompsa cyanoides
  Indigo Bunting                       Passerina cyanea

TROUPIALS & ALLIES                   Passeriformes Icteridae
  Eastern Meadowlark                   Sturnella magna
  Great-tailed Grackle                 Quiscalus mexicanus
  Shiny Cowbird                        Molothrus bonariensis
  Bronzed Cowbird                      Molothrus aeneus
  Giant Cowbird                        Molothrus oryzivorus
  Yellow-backed Oriole                 Icterus chrysater
  Baltimore Oriole                     Icterus galbula
  Yellow-billed Cacique                Amblycercus holosericeus
  Scarlet-rumped Cacique               Cacicus uropygialis
  Yellow-rumped Cacique                Cacicus cela
  Crested Oropendola                   Psarocolius decumanus
  Chestnut-headed Oropendola           Psarocolius wagleri
  Montezuma Oropendola                 Psarocolius montezuma

SISKINS, CROSSBILLS & ALLIES         Passeriformes Fringillidae
  Yellow-crowned Euphonia              Euphonia luteicapilla
  Thick-billed Euphonia                Euphonia laniirostris
  White-vented Euphonia                Euphonia minuta
  Tawny-capped Euphonia                Euphonia anneae
  Lesser Goldfinch                     Spinus psaltria